Easily add digital output pins to your Arduino
Building the EZ-Expander shield is easy and is great soldering practice. There are 80 through-hole solder connections to make, but don't let that intimidate you. The shield can be assembled in about 20-30 minutes depending on your soldering experience.
Step 1: Solder the .1uF capacitors into placeFirst we'll solder the two small .1uF capacitors into place. They go in the two spots on the board marked C1 and C1. These capacitors are not polarized so you don't have to worry about placing them backwards. Bend the leads outward to hold the capacitors flush against the board. Turn the board over and solder the capacitors into place. Then snip off the leads close to the solder joint.
Step 2: Solder the IC sockets into placeThe IC sockets are in the center of the board. IMPORTANT: Notice that the ICs are not positioned the same. They point opposite directions. The board silkscreen shows the positions of the notched ends of the socket and IC. A white dot also shows the location of pin number 1 on the IC. Position the IC sockets on the PCB such that the notches in the sockets match with the notches on the board. To solder the sockets in place, I use blue painter's tape to hold them against the board while I solder on the bottom. Any sort of masking tape will do. Make sure the socket is flat against the PCB when you solder it into place. Here are the IC sockets in place on the board:
Step 3: Solder 8x2 female header into placeThis two-row header is soldered into place on the right side of the IC sockets. One row is for the new pins numbered 20-27. The row closer to the edge of the board brings up the Arduino pins 8-13, GND, and AREF. Since pins 8, 12, and 13 are used by the EZ-Expander shield, they are not available for use and are marked with an 'X'. Again, some tape will help keep it in place when you solder the pins on the bottom of the board. You can do it.
Step 4: Cut the 16-pin female headerNOTE: if your kit contains a 6-pin and an 8-pin female header, you can skip this step.
Cutting a female header into two pieces is tricky and involves making a sacrifice of at least one pin. The EZ-Expander kit comes with a 16-pin header, but you only need 14 pins total, so it's OK. Carefully cut the 16-pin header in to an 8-pin header and a 6-pin header. Trim it up nicely with diagonal cutters or a utility knife. I recommend watching Lady Ada's demonstration video on this subject.
Step 5: Solder the 8-pin and 6-pin female headers into placeThe 8-pin header goes on the left side of the chip sockets and gives you access to EZ-Expander pins 28-35. The 6-pin header is flush next to it and provides access to the six pins from the Arduino board (VIN, GND, GND, 5V, 3.3V, and RST). Some tape can be used to hold these in place while you solder them.
Step 6: Break or cut the 16-pin male headerThe male headers will be soldered to the bottom of the EZ-Expander shield so that it can be positioned on the Arduino. Using a pair of pliers or diagonal cutters, break or cut the 16-pin male header into an 8-pin header and a 6-pin header. (Your kit may contain two 8-pin headers instead of a 16-pin header). You will have two pins left over. They are my special gift to you.
Step 7: Solder the male headers into placeIf you've gotten this far, you're home free. Put the male headers on the bottom of the EZ-Expander PCB and solder them into place on the top of the board. I find it easiest to put the male headers into breadboards and simply place the PCB on top for soldering.
Step 8: Insert the shift register ICs into the IC socketsIMPORTANT: Recall that they must be oriented correctly! The notch at one end of the IC corresponds with the notch in the socket and on the PCB.
IMPORTANT:Be careful of static electricity! Make sure you touch something grounded before handling the ICs. I usually touch a screw on the wall plate on an electrical outlet to zap away any static discharge. I also have some copper pipes handy in my subterranean laboratory -- pipes are grounded also.
I usually need to slightly bend in the pins on the IC before inserting into the socket. If you accidentally bend a pin badly, don't worry; you can straighten it with needlenose pliers.
Step 9: Bask in the glory of a successful buildCongratulations, you did it. Wow, 80 soldering points! Enjoy a cool beverage. Now you can test your shield using the EZ-Expander software library and some imagination.