Archive for the ‘Processing’ Category

Visualizing TV Dialog Using Closed Caption Data

Difficulty Level = 8 [What’s this?]

One of the coolest things you can do with the nootropic design Video Experimenter shield for Arduino is decode the closed caption data embedded in NTSC (North American) television broadcasts. I figured out how to do this and documented it in a another project, so if you want to understand all the details of how to capture and decode closed captions, refer to that project. With this project, I take it a step further and show how the spoken dialog embedded in a television show can be visualized on a computer in a “cloud” of words. This is the same type of cloud (often called a “tag cloud”) that you see on blogs, where the frequency of a particular word is reflected in the size of the word. More frequent == larger word.

Hardware Setup

First, here’s how the hardware is set up. It’s really simple. The Video Experimenter needs a composite video feed from a TV tuner like a DVR (e.g. Tivo) or VCR. You can also use a DVD player because DVDs usually have closed captioning data. The USB cable connects to your computer where you run a Processing sketch (program) to visualize the words as they are decoded by the Arduino. The Processing sketch dynamically builds the TV cloud as the words are extracted from the closed caption stream!

Hardware setup


Demo Video

Here’s a video where I show a TV cloud of spoken dialog being created dynamically. I superimposed a video of the television broadcast so you can correlate the broadcast with the Processing application, but note that the Processing application doesn’t acutally display the video. Words spoken with higher frequency are larger.

Example TV Clouds

I always have noticed that whenever I happen to see a US national news broadcast, all the commercials are for drugs. I guess only old people watch the news on TV anymore. Here’s a TV cloud of the commercials shown during NBC Nightly News. Can you guess which drugs are being advertised? Can you guess which maladies they claim to cure? Look at all those nasty side effects!

TV cloud made from drug commercials. Click to enlarge.


Here is a TV cloud made while watching a baseball game. For US readers familiar with baseball, can you guess which teams were playing? Answer is at the end of this post.

TV cloud built from part of a baseball game broadcast. Click to enlarge.


The Software

The Arduino sketch is fairly simple, and for details on how it works, please see the in-depth article about decoding closed captions.
Download the Arduino sketch

The Processing sketch reads words from the serial line and filters out any word less than 3 letters and some very common words like “the”, “and”, “for”, etc. This application relies on the very nice OpenCloud Java library, so you’ll need to download that and use it in your Processing environment. Create this structure in your Processing sketchbook libraries directory: opencloud/library/opencloud.jar
Download the Processing sketch


Answer to the baseball broadcast question: Kansas City Royals vs. Minnesota Twins (go Twins!)

Published by Michael, on July 18th, 2011 at 7:17 pm. Filed under: Arduino,Level 8,Processing,Video. | 13 Comments |

Toolduino 1.1 Includes Uno Board Image

I’ve released a simple update to Toolduino which includes an image of the Arduino Uno board. Now you can right click anywhere in the tool and choose the board image from a menu. If anyone has good images of other boards, please let me know and I can add them!

Published by Michael, on October 9th, 2010 at 6:23 am. Filed under: Arduino,Processing. | No Comments |

Arduino Breathalyzer: Calibrating the MQ-3 Alcohol Sensor

Difficulty Level = 3 [What’s this?]

The MQ-3 is an alcohol gas sensor that is available for about $5 from Sparkfun, Seeed Studio, and others. It’s easy to use and has sparked the imagination of anyone who has dreamed of building their own breathalyzer device for measuring the amount of alcohol in the human body. I got an MQ-3 sensor a couple of months ago and have spent a lot of time trying to figure out how to do this. After lots of “data gathering”, I found that this task is not as easy as it sounds.

MQ-3 Alcohol Sensor

First of all, don’t try to use the MQ-3 as a way to determine if you are sober enough to drive. If you’ve been drinking, just don’t drive! And if you’ve had a few drinks, don’t do any soldering either.

Read more…

Published by Michael, on September 17th, 2010 at 6:43 pm. Filed under: Arduino,Level 3,Processing. | 65 Comments |


Toolduino is an open-source software tool that you use to test your Arduino circuits. Toolduino communicates with your Arduino through a serial connection so that you can manipulate the pin outputs and read the inputs. Go to the Toolduino page to download it and for all the details on how to use it!

Published by Michael, on July 14th, 2010 at 7:21 am. Filed under: Arduino,Processing. | No Comments |